1. Get a comprehensive dilated eye examination from your ophthalmologist once a year, regardless of your age.
In its early stages, diabetic retinopathy often has no symptoms. A dilated eye exam allows ophthalmologists to examine the retina and optic nerve more thoroughly for signs of damage before changes in vision occur.
High blood glucose damages the blood vessels in the eyes. This damage can result in swelling in the retina and the development of abnormal blood vessels that may bleed and form scar tissue. 3. Maintain healthy blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
High blood pressure and high cholesterol can increase the risk of eye disease and vision loss.
4. Quit smoking.
Smokers are at an increased risk for diabetic retinopathy and other diabetes-related eye diseases. 5. Exercise regularly.