Neuro-ophthalmology is an ophthalmic subspecialty that addresses the relationship between the eye and the brain, specifically disorders of the optic nerve, orbit, and brain, associated with visual symptoms.
Common Neuro-ophthalmalogic complaints include: blurred vision, loss of vision, double vision, difficulty tracking with the eyes, vertigo, drooping eyelids, eye pain, pupil changes, and other visual symptoms.
A change in your ability to see, from a neurological perspective, can happen at any age, and can be caused by many conditions, including:
A weakening of nerves controlling the eye muscles
Infection, disease or pressure on the optic nerve
Tumor or stroke
Certain systemic diseases such as multiple sclerosis.
Patients visit Eye Consultants of Atlanta for routine eye care as well as specialized care. During a routine eye exam, an eye doctor reviews your medical history and completes a series of tests to determine the health of your eyes. The information from an eye exam may lead to prescriptions or medical procedures. Eye examinations should take place periodically, and are recommended as follows:
All children should have their eyes checked by age three. A family history of childhood vision problems,a wandering eye, crossed eyes, or other problems warrant earlier attention.
Before the age of 20, as recommended by a pediatrician or other physician.
Between the ages of 20-40, every five years, unless there are visual changes, pain, flashes of light, new floaters or tearing, or if the eye is injured.
Between the ages of 40-64, every two to four years. Over age 65, every one to two years.
African-Americans are at greater risk for glaucoma, and should have eye examinations every three to five years before the age of 40, and every two years after age 40.
Persons with diabetes are at risk for several eye disorders, including diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, and cataracts. These individuals should have eye examinations every year.
Oculoplastic surgeons deal with the important supporting structures around the eye, including the lids, tear apparatus, and the bony orbit or eye socket. Oculoplastic surgeons address both the appearance and the function of these structures.
An oculoplastic surgeon has completed a one or two year fellowship in plastic surgery of the eyelids, lacrimal (tear) system and orbit. This typically follows the three year residency in ophthalmology and a one year internship. There are a limited number of such specialists in the United States. Eye Consultants of Atlanta is fortunate to have two such specialists.